The worst levels of the main sources of supply of the city, despite the January rains, indicate that the climate phenomenon El Niño is present and severe
Rains associated with the El Niño event during the current dry period, benefited, without doubt, the Havana area, that allowed a respite from the intense hydrological situation. However, they were not enough to restore its fundamental sources of supply.
In 2015, rainfall was well below the historical average, recalled engineer Antonio Castillo Pérez, deputy director of operations of the Aguas de La Habana Company.
He said that on the contrary the South Basin is stable and with that they are making up the deficits of the city and the El Gato source is now retrieved, the two main basins that supply the capital: Ariguanabo, is critical, and Almendares-Vento, are maintained at unfavourable levels, despite the heavy rains of January.
South Havana is just surviving and Paso Seco, the main supply source for Arroyo Naranjo municipality located in that part of the city and with about 10,000 residents affected, also presents a disadvantage like Cuatro Caminos supplying east of the capital with the highest incidence in Cojimar and Guiteras.
The measures taken and the emerging works for confronting the drought, together with investments in hydraulic rehabilitation have enabled reducing the effects on the population and the economy.
As is the case, for example, of the town of Boyeros, also in the South, which had more than 45,000 of its inhabitants on the pipe plan (tanker trucks) and through investments in pipes conducted in 2015, that figure is reduced by approximately 30,000 less, so far, said Castillo, and that territory now has only between 15,000 and 20,000 people affected.
The most critical municipality in the city centre is Old Havana with a population of just over nine thousand inhabitants who do not receive water from the networks.
In general, said the director of Aguas de La Habana, the most affected currently and with the most tanker service are the populations of Boyeros, Arroyo Naranjo, and the old part of the city.
Translated by ESTI