The medullar items of the revolutionary thought of the Apostle were never before expressed in so fortunate a summary as in the Montecristi Manifesto
By Rosa Pérez López
«It’s a honor and it is moving to think that when a warrior for the independence falls on the soil of Cuba (…) he falls for the greater good of man, the confirmation of the moral Republic in America and the creation of a free archipelago.” Thus, the Manifest, signed by the Delegate of the Cuban Revolutionary Party José Martí, and the General in Chief of the Liberator Army Máximo Gómez in Montecristi, on March 25, 1895, anticipated in a visionary and premonitory way the importance and significance of the Cuban emancipation.
The Necessary War conceived by Martí had already begun a month and a day before. The 17 year-truce had rendered fruits in the redemptive eagerness of the Cubans, who were writing again new pages of honor and glory in the forests. However, together with the edge of the machete (a heavy knife used as weapon) that was opening the way to the sovereignty of Cuba, had to shine the edge of the political and ideological ideas that explained the causes of the war, and cleared doubts, suspicions and misunderstanding of the real sense for the re-initiation of the war for Cuban independence.
As was explained in the manifest, no humiliation of one group of Cubans over the other would be at the fight and victory time. No fears of one race over the other. No danger of tightening up the life of the emancipated homeland to those foreign models where the liberating dreams of the people of Our America were asphyxiated in the long run, so that they passed from being a Spanish colony to being neo-colonies of the northern and covetous neighbor.
The medullar items of the revolutionary thought that the Apostle preached in his speeches, letters and on the pages of the “Patria” newspaper, were never before expressed in so fortunate a summary as in the Manifesto of Montecristi. No document had ever before covered with such a lucidity, skill, maturity and courage the pragmatic line to be followed after reaching independence.
And, 58 years after, during the trial for the events of July 26, the self-defense statement by the young lawyer Fidel Castro –also a visionary and premonitory man- pragmatically drafted the task of the revolution that had begun –as in Yara and Baire- on the walls of the barracks in Santiago de Cuba and Bayamo.
It’s not in vain that José Martí is considered the intellectual author of the heroic deed staged by the Centenary Generation, and the Manifesto of Montecristi is a legitimate and upright antecedent of “History will Absolve me. ” Because, after a century since the birth of the National Hero, the political-ideological design signed in Montecristi on March 25, 1895, began to come true in letter, spirit and action.
Translated by ESTI